低壓電器是指用于交流50Hz(或60Hz)、額定電壓為1000V及以下、直流額定電壓為1500V及以下的電路內起通斷、保護、控制或調節作用的電器元件或組件。終端電器主要用于線路末端如商住、寫字樓等,其具有模數化的外形尺寸和導軌式安裝的結構;配電電器大量用于電網輸配電的低壓側或用于電流的接通、分斷,能在線路或用電設備發生短路、過載、欠壓等故障時切斷電路,從而起到對線路和設備的保護作用;控制電器主要用于冶金、石化等領域內完成各種電動機的啟動、調速、正反轉、制動的各種控制的低壓電器。

Low voltage apparatus is applied to ac 50 hz or 60 hz, the rated voltage of 1000 v and below, dc rated voltage of 1500 v and below within the circuit on and off, protection, control or adjust the role of electrical components, or components. Terminal appliances are mainly used at the end of the line, such as commercial buildings and office buildings. The low voltage side of

據前瞻產業研究院發布的《低壓電器行業產銷需求與投資預測分析報告》數據顯示,截止2016年底,低壓電器市場規模達到750億元。2017年低壓電器市場規模預計在810億元左右,同比增長8%。低壓電器產品需求受各行業投資驅動,但與固定資產投資最為相關。受固定資產投資回暖,及下游發電、工業、房地產等市場高速增長驅動,預計低壓電器行業產值在2018-2020年將維持8%左右的增速。

distribution electric equipment in power transmission and distribution or for current connected, breaking, in line of short-circuit, overload, under voltage or electric equipment such as failure to cut off the circuit, thus protect the circuitry and equipment; Control appliances are mainly used in metallurgy, petrochemical and other fields to complete the start of various motors, speed regulation, positive and negative rotation, braking of various control low-voltage appliances.

目前低壓電器行業可以分為高、中、低端三個梯隊。第一梯隊是行業中的技術引領者,主要有施耐德、ABB、西門子等跨國企業,該類企業掌握了低壓電器行業最先進的技術,引領低壓電器行業的發展方向;第二梯隊是行業技術的跟進者,主要有正泰電器、常熟開關、良信電器、上海人民電器等公司,該類企業具有較強的研發能力,能夠及時跟進行業技術的發展;第三梯隊是是行業內的大部分產品同質化、以低價策略進行競爭的企業,該類企業研發能力較低,一般只有當產品進入成熟期后且生產技術已經成為行業內的公開信息時,才能逐步生產該種產品。行業中市場占有最大的中低端需求產生相對較低的利潤,而大部分利潤集中在中高端市場。

By the end of 2016, the market size of the low-voltage appliance market reached 75 billion yuan, according to the report on the demand and investment forecast of low-voltage electrical appliance industry released by the prospective industry research institute. The market size of low-voltage appliances is expected to be around 81 billion yuan in 2017, an increase of 8% year-on-year. The demand for low-voltage electrical appliances is driven by

與中高壓電器設備相比,低壓電器設備單價較低,向下游的議價能力更強,因此在原材料價格上漲時,企業能較好的對毛利率水平進行把控。以正泰電器為例,公司所需主要原材料銅、銀、鋼材和塑料的采購成本占總成本的50%左右,產品毛利率與銅價格聯動性較大,呈明顯負相關。但2016-2017年當銅價格上漲接近50%時候,公司毛利率下降幅度控制在5%左右。

At present low - voltage electrical appliance industry can be divided into high, medium, low - end three echelon. The first tier is a technology leader in the industry, mainly with schneider, ABB, Siemens and other multinational companies, the companies have mastered low-voltage electrical industry the most advanced technology, to lead the development direction of low voltage electrical industry; The second tier is a follower of industry technology, mainly

低壓電器行業是一個充分競爭、市場化程度較高的行業。從全球范圍看,施耐德、ABB、羅格朗、西門子和伊頓合計市占率為 25%,其中施耐德市占率 8%排名第一。從國內市場看,正泰電器市占率達到 18%,排名第一,施耐德市占率約為 17%;ABB 約 10%,德力西約 8%。此外還有大量低端市場參與者,以價格競爭獲取市場,進一步拉低了行業集中度。

production technology has become a public information industry, to gradually produce the product. In the industry, the market occupies the largest middle and low end demand and generates relatively low profits, while most of the profits are concentrated in the middle and high-end market.
Compared with in high voltage electrical equipment, low-voltage electrical equipment unit price is low, the downstream stronger bargaining ability, therefore when raw material prices, companies can better to control the gross

 

 

 

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